DJ Kool Herc :: Father of Hip-Hop
Kool Herc (Clive Campbell) is a Jamaican-American musician, DJ and producer that is credited as being the Father and first DJ of Hip Hop . He was the originator of break-beat deejaying, where the breaks of funk songs—being the most danceable part, often featuring percussion—were isolated and repeated for the purpose of all-night dance parties . Later DJs such as Grandmaster Flash and Grand Wizard Theodore refined and developed the use of breakbeats, including cutting and Scratching.
He was well known for his Sound System that he brought to block parties, which was so Massive that other DJs at the time were not able to compete. The orignial name used was Kool Herc and the Herculoids – and at first reggae records were played and toasted to, much like the music of Jamaican artists U-Roy and I-Roy. Herc later started using funk records from artists like James Brown due to popular demand. Herc started a movement which recycled the creativity of black American artists back into the USA. The relationship between hip hop and reggae became more important again with reggae artists and rappers collaborating with each other such as Yellowman and Afrika Bambaataa to KRS One and Shabba Ranks. Even to this day Hip hop and reggae still influence each other in both directions .Herc who started throwing block parties in 1969, came to prominence in the West Bronx between 1974 and 1975.