Some History on B-Boying, Breakdancing and Hip-Hop Culture:
A young Jamaican immigrant named Clive Campbell (aka Kool DJ Herc) was primarily responsible for the birth of Hip-Hop culture. Kool Herc revolutionized spinning records by using two identical records. Instead of playing the entire the song on a record, he would only play the very percussive breaksection of a song, known as the "breaks." Since the breaksection of a song is only seconds long, after the breaksection was through playing on the first record he would start playing the same section on the second record while managing to match the beat seamlessly . By repeating this process, he was able to play a continuous song of nothing but breaksections.
Along with DJing, these "breakbeats" laid the foundation for the two more elements of Hip Hop culture: MCing and B-Boying. It became the MC's (Master of Ceremony) job to amuse, excite, and motivate the crowd to dance by using Rhythmic Accentuated Poetry (RAP) over those breakbeats. B-Boys were the ones who would dance or "freak out," "bust moves," and "go-off" on the dancefloor with their steps and freezes. These three elements along with graffiti art or writing are what make up the hip hop culture.
Breakdancing started in 1969, the year that James Brown recorded "Get on the Good Foot,". That song inspired a dance based on the high energy moves that Brown performed on stage. Eventually, kids in New York started doing the Good Foot -better known as B-Boy (short for Break Boy) which was the direct precursor to the sort of breakdancing we know today.
Also in 1969 Afrika Bambaataa started organizing one of the first breakdance crews: The Zulu Kings. The Zulu Kings won many contests and talent shows. They performed their moves at dance clubs. Bambaataa recognized the potential for acrobatic dancing, and he encouraged young people to stick with it. But most people thought the Zulu Kings were just another gang.
When the Zulu Kings were challenged by a rival street gang, Bambaataa called for a break in the usual street warfare and suggested that the two groups fight with dance moves rather than weapons. Afrika Bambaataa's followers eventually grew into the Zulu Nation which was atleast 5000 strong. The kids in the Zulu Nation would rather dance than fight, and breakdancing became an integral part of hip-hop.
These dance battles gradually evolved into a form of mock combat called "Uprock". In these battles a dancer would lose if he actually touched his opponent. A B-Boy named Rubberband is credited with developing Uprock. Breakin' was originally known as "Rocking". "Old Style" breakin' and B-Boy'n consisted only of floor work ("Floor Rock" or "down rock") and "top rock" (dancing on two feet, like the Moonwalk). Acrobatic moves such as the headspin had yet to emerge. Floor Rock involved complicated leg moves. Athletic young men found it was a good way to win dance contests. B-Boy'n was especially popular in the South Bronx, where rival gangs would battle over turf, or just to gain each others' respect.
In 1979, a new breakdance crew was organized called Rock Steady Crew. These dancers were very talented, but breakin' wasn't as popular anymore. People said that Rock Steady were old fashioned. One person who encouraged Rock Steady Crew was Afrika Bambaataa. The kids in Rock Steady Crew were all original members of Bambaataa's Zulu Nation. Bambaataa told them to stick with it. Rock Steady Crew invented many of the "power moves" that made breakdancing famous. Crazy Legs and Frosty Freeze (who specialized in "freeze" moves) practiced in Central Park, New York and on the streets until they had perfected their routine. They added a lot of acrobatic moves such as the headspin, handglides, backspins, and "The Continuous Backspin" (better known as the Windmill).
DISCLAIMER: We do NOT support or condone vandalism or any illegal activity that is related, whether it be to private, commercial, or public property. We simply display graffiti that is already documented as an art form.